research publications

Antibiotic Resistance in Uganda:Situation Analysis and Recommendations
Antibiotic resistance was initially viewed as only being a human medical problem in hospital-acquired infections, and usually only in critically ill and immunosuppressed patients. Today, the antibiotic resistance (ABR) phenomena has spread to the point that the general population is considered to be at risk, bringing about an era where many common bacterial infections are becoming increasingly difficult to treat. Of concern, in addition to the use in human beings, is the expanding use of antibiotics in poultry and livestock not only for treating disease, but to promote growth and prevent disease. The ABR phenomenon has become a global concern as geographic borders among countries and continents have become less distinct due to increasing global trade, expanding human and animal populations, societal advances and technological developments. Because of this increasing global connectivity, we now see rapid transport of infectious agents and their ABR genes. This means that ABR, in any obscure microscopic niche anywhere in the world, may consequently exert an impact on the rest of the world.
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Hearing loss is a major health issue that continues to receive inadequate attention in many countries. More than 360 million people worldwide suffer from hearing loss, which is strongly linked to cognitive and functional disability in both children and adults. Download here

main-streaming nutrition with agriculture in Uganda | abstract
Failure to prevent under-nutrition early in life exacts a high social and economic cost that cannot be recouped because of the irreversibility of early deficits and their unavoidable negative effects later in the lifespan. A malnourished infant can have lifelong deficits in physical growth and development, health, learning abilities, and physical activity. At community and national levels such suffering and losses in human potential translate into social and economic costs that also place major constraints on future development. Recent estimates of the national cost of disease burden due to under-nutrition in Uganda show roughly 310 million U.S. dollars worth of productivity lost each year due to the accumulated effects of stunting caused in childhood, low birth weight, iodine deficiency disorders, and iron deficiency anaemia.
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policy advising in Uganda | abstract
In order to ensure evidence-based advice on routine immunization and in order to facilitate the effi cient introduction of new vaccines (such as those for malaria, pneumococcal disease, and rotavirus) in Uganda, the Ministry of Health and Uganda National Academy of Sciences (UNAS) agreed on the need to establish an independent advisory committee that would make evidence-based policy recommendations on these issues to the ministry. To this end, the Advisory Committee on Vaccines and Immunization (ACVI), comprising 12 nonpartisan experts, was formed. Its main goal is to advise on routine immunization and the introduction of new and underutilized vaccines. The committee held its fi rst meeting on 11 July 2012 to discuss its objectives and plan its future work.
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Integrating Nutrition and Agriculture: Use of Extension Workers and Community Models in Uganda | abstract
Improving the nutritional status of women and children in the country benefits all sectors and should therefore be a priority to everyone investing in the future of Uganda. Improved maternal nutrition leads to healthier newborns; and improved nutrition for children leads to better mental and physical health in adulthood and thus a stronger, healthier workforce. This improves productivity particularly in an agrarian society like Uganda which is the forerunner to a healthier, more economically viable nation. Agricultural extension operates within a broader knowledge system that includes research and agricultural education (Rivera, 2001).
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The US NAS in collaboration with several African Academies and funded by the Gates Foundation set up a program – The African Science Academy Development Initiative (ASADI). ASADI directly engages the best African scientists through the African science academies in building their capacity to provide independent, evidence-based advice to their governments and nations on all matters related to science and technology. Current participating science academies are Cameroon, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Senegal, South Africa, and Uganda. This program among other things has been instrumental in building capacity of the African Academies and led to the set up of the Annual Meeting of African Academies (AMASA) which has been organized annually for the last 9 years hosted by different countries.
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Vulnerability to epidemic malaria in the highlands of Lake Victoria basin: the role of climate change/variability, hydrology and socio-economic factors. | abstract
Endemic malaria in most of the hot and humid African climates is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality. In the last twenty or so years the incidence of malaria has been aggravated by the resurgence of highland malaria epidemics which hitherto had been rare. A close association between malaria epidemics and climate variability has been reported but not universally accepted. Similarly, the relationship between climate variability, intensity of disease mortality and morbidity coupled with socio-economic factors has been mooted.
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